Selasa, Julai 09, 2013
The Training - FAO Manual
Trainers need to have solid knowledge on mushroom cultivation in order to train others. Trainers must be capable of teaching about mushrooms, their health properties and benefits, their cultivation, processing and how to run a mushroom production farm.
More specifically, trainers need to learn about the various tasks involved in the whole process of mushroom cultivation, the various types of cultivation according to the various types of mushrooms, and the processing and transformation of cultivated mushrooms.
Several specialists, teachers and speakers can participate in the training, thus offering a wider approach and maintaining more interest for trainees.
Training is divided into two parts: a theoretical understanding and practical “hands-on” experience.
Each of these tasks requires certain abilities and therefore can be difficult or impossible to perform in a conventional way by some people with certain disabilities. Alternative approaches for accomplishing certain tasks need to be developed by trainers to help trainees develop their own strategic ways of accomplishing all tasks required in mushroom cultivation.
Trainees that have become trainers are in the best position to teach other trainees about different ways of accomplishing required tasks.
As a TRAINER, should know about mushroom cultivation. It is highly recommended that if you have no experience in mushroom cultivation, you should identify an expert that will give you intensive training and continuous technical support.
Training is conducted as a hands-on experience with some basic theory for better understanding on the meaning of the activity. You, as trainers, must closely monitor procedures and actions as to show trainees how to develop easiness in accomplishing all required tasks.
Not all trainees will be capable of fully understanding each step involved in mushroom cultivation. Many will not even wish to get involved in the more complex tasks such as spawning, inoculation and even making their own bags.
For most trainees, their objective is to cultivate mushrooms, and to sell these harvested mushrooms on the fresh market in order to generate income. This means, they want to buy inoculated bags ready for fruiting.
These bags can often be bought locally from nearby mushroom farms, or can be supplied by the training center, thus generating income for the center.
Nevertheless, some trainees will want to make their own bags and even sell already inoculated substrate bags to increase their income. This, associated with the cultivation itself, can generate an interesting profit when managed properly.
Trainees are expected to return home and set-up a mushroom farm following training. Close monitoring will then be needed to support trainees in their new venture.
*Taken from FAO Corporate Document Repository webpage
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS